We often hear in daily life or find in news reports: who has immigrated, who has obtained a green card, who has joined a certain nationality, or who has obtained permanent residency in a certain country.So what do the words' immigration ',' green card ',' foreign nationality ', and' permanent residence 'mean and what is the relationship between them?Through this article, you can learn about them all at once！
Different concepts●Residence Permit It refers to the right of an individual to obtain permission to permanently reside in a certain place, but not necessarily enjoy citizenship.●Green Card The term green card originated in the United States. Because the earliest permanent residence permit in the United States was a green card. Due to the fact that the ID card of a permanent resident in the United States is referred to as a "green card," a green card has become synonymous with a permanent residence permit in many regions. It can be understood as: permanent residence permit=green card. Commonly known as "Five Star Card" in China, "Green Card" in the United States, and "Maple Leaf Card" in Canada. Other countries have different names, but their meanings are the same●PassportA passport is a travel document issued by a government of a country to its citizens or nationals.It is used to prove the holder's identity and nationality for entry and exit from the country and for travel abroad.It is also used to request the relevant foreign authorities to grant the holder access and protection. Passports are related to the right to legal protection abroad and the right to enter the country of nationality.Passports can also be used as identity documents within a country. Passport=Nationality.You are from the same country as the passport you obtained. Some countries allow multiple nationalities, but China does not, so once you obtain a passport from another country, it is equivalent to giving up Chinese nationality.●Long term residence permit：In China, foreigners need to apply for a residence permit to legally stay and reside in China for a long time. According to Chinese law, foreigners are required to apply to the entry and exit management agencies of the public security organs for the issuance, extension, replacement, and reissuance of residence permits. For foreigners: The advantage of the long-term residence permit is that it is valid for 1 to 5 years, so foreigners can stay in China for a long time without having to apply for a visa frequently. They can enter and leave the country multiple times during the validity period. Permanent residence is valid directly for 10 years at a time.●ImmigrantImmigration refers to people from one country who apply to live and work in another country for a long time, get the approval of that country and go abroad, this process is called immigration. After successful immigration, they also have the legal right to live and work permanently in this country.
QAre permanent residence and nationality the same thing?
AIt's not. Permanent residency is a green card. Permanent residence is the right to live in a country permanently and legally. This document for permanent legal residence is the permanent residence permit ID card (known in China as the "five-star card").
QCan foreigners have Chinese permanent residence and foreign nationality at the same time?
AYes, they can. Because although you have permanent residence in China, you are not yet a citizen of China, so you still retain your foreign identity. So you have both permanent residence in China and foreign citizenship.
QCan I have permanent residence or a green card from several countries at the same time?
AYes, you can. In theory you can have as much as you can get. But there's a catch: every country has limits on how long foreigners with permanent residency must stay each year. If you don't stay enough time, it means you don't intend to live here permanently, and that country has the right (legal basis) to revoke your permanent residency, which is to revoke your green card. Since 2004, China has issued permanent residence certificates to eligible foreigners in the country. Foreigners who are approved for permanent residence in China under the law are required to stay in China for a cumulative period of not less than three months per year. If it is true that due to practical needs, foreigners who cannot stay in China for a total of three months each year shall be approved by the public security department and bureau of the province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government where the long-term residence is located. However, the cumulative residence in China within five years shall not be less than one year.
QWhat is the difference between long-term residence permit and permanent residence?
A1. Long-term residence has a "period", but the period of residence is relatively long, such as more than one year or longer; Permanent residence is unlimited, renewed once every 10 years, as long as the permanent residence is not deprived, you can always have it. 2.Long-term residence is only a residence permit, and cannot (or can not enjoy part of) the social welfare benefits of nationals; Permanent residence is often entitled to national treatment (except the right to stand for election).